Endocrine Glands And Hormones

by Marcelle Pick, OB/GYN NP

The glands and hormones of the female endocrine system

Woman Holding The World In The Palm Of Her HandThis particular table lists the key endocrine glands which are commonly found in females as well as the hormones they naturally release, in addition to many of the diffuse endocrine organs plus tissues that are in your body and their related hormones. It is important to note that this list isn’t complete. Many of the hormones are not yet well understood and there is much more that needs to be discovered. However, knowing that Mother Nature usually has it right, we can be sure that our hormones play a significant role in our wellbeing.

Key Female Endocrine Glands and Their Hormones

(a partial listing) 

Gland/Organ            Hormone(s) released
  •  thyrotropin releasing hormone
  •  release inhibiting hormones
  •  thyrotropin/thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH)
  •  adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)
  •  luteinizing hormone (LH)
  •  follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)
  •  growth hormone (GH)
  •  prolactin
  •  melanocyte-stimulating hormone (MSH)
  •  oxytocin
  •  antidiuretic hormone (ADH, or vasopressin)
  •  melatonin
Thyroid and parathyroid
  •  thyroxine (T4)
  •  triiodothyronine (T3)
  •  calcitonin (CT)
  •  parathyroid hormone (PH)
  •  thymosin
  •  thymopoietin
  •  thymopoiethymic factor
  •  epinephrine
  •  norepinephrine
  •  testosterone
  •  estrogen
  •  dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA)
  •  aldosterone
  •  cortisol
  •  corticosterone
Pancreas (Islets of Langerhans)
  •  insulin
  •  glucagon
  •  somatostatin (also secreted elsewhere)
  •  estrone
  •  estradiol
  •  estriol
  •  progesterone
  •  testosterone
  •  human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG)
  •  estrogen

The endocrine system (A partial list of organs and tissues that secrete hormones)
Tissue/organ Hormone(s) released
Adipose tissue (fat)(Note that with development of abdominal obesity, adipose tissue actually  functions as a key player in the endocrine system).
  •  leptin
  •  adiponectin
  •  resistin
  •  plasminogen activating inhibitor–1 (PAI–1)
  •  estrogen
  •  and others
  •  vitamin D3 (cholecalciferol)
Stomach and Small Intestine
  •  gastrin
  •  secretin
  •  cholecystokinin
  •  ghrelin
  •  motilin
  •  25–hydroxycholecalciferol
  •  erythropoietin (EPO)
  •  1,25-dihydroxycholecalciferol
  •  rennin
  •  atrial naturetic hormone

You will see that several of the hormones, organs, and tissues that are listed above are discussed in great depth throughout our website. Make sure to browse our Health Library if you are looking for a complete listing of all of Women to Women’s articles on female hormonal balance.