Endocrine Glands And Hormones

by Marcelle Pick, OB/GYN NP

The female endocrine system — glands and hormones

This particular table lists the key endocrine glands which are commonly found in females as well as the hormones they naturally release, in addition to many of the diffuse endocrine organs plus tissues that are in your body and their related hormones. It is important to note that this list isn’t complete; Many of the hormones are not yet well understood and there is much more that needs to be discovered. However, understanding that Mother Nature usually has it right we can be sure that our hormones play a significant role in our well being.

Key Female Endocrine Glands and Their Hormones

(a partial listing) 

Gland/Organ            Hormone(s) released
Hypothalamus
  •  thyrotropin releasing hormone
  •  release inhibiting hormones
Pituitary
  •  thyrotropin/thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH)
  •  adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)
  •  luteinizing hormone (LH)
  •  follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)
  •  growth hormone (GH)
  •  prolactin
  •  melanocyte-stimulating hormone (MSH)
  •  oxytocin
  •  antidiuretic hormone (ADH, or vasopressin)
Pineal
  •  melatonin
Thyroid and parathyroid
  •  thyroxine (T4)
  •  triiodothyronine (T3)
  •  calcitonin (CT)
  •  parathyroid hormone (PH)
Thymus
  •  thymosin
  •  thymopoietin
  •  ymopoiethymic factor
Adrenals
  •  epinephrine
  •  norepinephrine
  •  testosterone
  •  estrogen
  •  dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA)
  •  aldosterone
  •  cortisol
  •  corticosterone
Pancreas (Islets of Langerhans)
  •  insulin
  •  glucagon
  •  somatostatin (also secreted elsewhere)
Ovaries
  •  estrone
  •  estradiol
  •  estriol
  •  progesterone
  •  testosterone
Placenta
  •  human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG)
Breasts
  •  estrogen
The endocrine system (A partial list of organs and tissues that secrete hormones)
Tissue/organ Hormone(s) released
Adipose tissue (fat)(Note that with development of abdominal obesity, adipose tissue actually  functions as a key player in the endocrine system).
  •  leptin
  •  adiponectin
  •  resistin
  •  plasminogen activating inhibitor–1 (PAI–1)
  •  estrogen
  •  and others
Skin
  •  vitamin D3 (cholecalciferol)
Stomach and Small Intestine
  •  gastrin
  •  secretin
  •  cholecystokinin
  •  ghrelin
  •  motilin
Liver
  •  25–hydroxycholecalciferol
Kidneys
  •  erythropoietin (EPO)
  •  1,25-dihydroxycholecalciferol
  •  rennin
Heart
  •  atrial naturetic hormone

You will see that several of the hormones, organs, and tissues that are listed above are discussed in great depth throughout our website. Make sure to browse our library if you are looking for a complete listing of all the Women to Women articles on female hormonal balance. You can easily find it on our website.

We are always happy to welcome new patients to our medical clinic in Yarmouth, Maine, for individuals who can make the trip.